Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 204-209

A comparative study between follicular unit transplantation and autologous non-cultured non-trypsinized epidermal cells grafting (Jodhpur technique) in stable vitiligo

1 Department of Skin and V.D., Mathura Das Mathur Hospital, Jodhpur, India
2 Department of Skin and V.D., New Medical College Hospital, Kota, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dilip Kachhawa
Department of Skin and V.D., Mathura Das Mathur Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_189_19

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Introduction: Several modalities are currently available for the treatment of vitiligo, but generally they do not result in complete cure of the disease. Despite the limitations and some side effects, surgical modalities appear to be the method of choice in recalcitrant stable vitiligo. Both Jodhpur technique (JT) and follicular unit transplantation (FUT) are simpler and cheaper methods, requiring minimal infrastructure. Materials and Methods: Hundred patches in 30 patients were divided into Group A and Group B, that is, hair follicle transplantation and autologous non-cultured non-trypsinized epidermal cell suspension grafting (JT), respectively. Fifty patches were included in each group. Efficacy of both the techniques, extent of pigmentation, and color match assessment were the main objectives. Results: Excellent repigmentation (>75%), at the end of 20 weeks post surgery, was observed in 70% lesions in FUT group and 72% of lesions in JT group. Good response (extent of repigmentation of 50%–75%) was seen in 18% of lesions in FUT group as compared to 26% in JT group. JT and FUT technique were almost equal in producing excellent repigmentation. Color match was same for both the groups, that is, 49 of 50 patches showed same color as surrounding in both groups at the end of 20 weeks. Repigmentation of the depigmented hairs occurred in 11 of 46 patients with associated leukotrichia. Conclusion: Our study indicates that both JT and FUT are safe and effective techniques in terms of repigmentation but JT is somewhat superior to FUT in producing excellent and good repigmentation, side effects, patient satisfaction, and dermatology life quality index reduction, while the color match was almost same with both techniques.

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