Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 318-322

Carbon dioxide laser plus topical 5% luliconazole: A better combination therapeutic modality for onychomycosis


Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shahnawaz Bashir
Department of Dermatology, Government Medical College, 9-Hill View Colony, Old Airport Road, Wanabal Rawalpora, Srinagar 190005, Jammu and Kashmir.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_70_20

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Background: Onychomycosis has always been a therapeutic challenge because of longer treatment duration, potential adverse effects of oral antifungals, and limited efficacy of topical agents. During the past few years, the emergence of laser therapy has been the topic of discussion as a newer, safe, minimally invasive modality of treatment. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of fractional CO2 laser and topical luliconazole 5% lotion in the treatment of onychomycosis, as a combined treatment and as independent modalities. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective, randomized, triple-limb comparative observational study in which 106 patients with KOH and culture-proven onychomycosis were randomly assigned to three groups. Group A received fractional CO2 laser (10,600nm) triweekly for four sessions (0, 3, 9, and 12 weeks) plus topical luliconazole 5.0% lotion applied twice daily on the affected nail plates and nail folds for 12 weeks. Group B received only fractional CO2 with the same frequency of sessions and laser parameters as in group A. Group C received only topical luliconazole 5.0% solution twice daily for 12 weeks. Treatment outcome was evaluated using onychomycosis severity index (OSI) score, mycological parameters, and level of satisfaction of patients. Results: The degree of clinical improvement, mycological cure, and patient’s satisfaction was significantly better in the combined group than individual modalities. There were no severe adverse effects that warranted the discontinuation of the treatment in any of these patients. Conclusion: Fractional CO2 laser combined with topical luliconazole 5% lotion is a safe and effective treatment for onychomycosis especially in those who have contraindications to oral antifungals.


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