Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 344-350

Minimal Incision Technique For Gynecomastia


Department of Plastic Surgery, IPGME&R and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Souvik Adhikari
Department of Plastic Surgery, IPGME&R and SSKM Hospital, 244 A J C Bose Road, Kolkata.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_96_20

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Background: Gynecomastia or enlargement of the male breasts affects a large proportion of males, with most patients requiring surgical intervention as only a few lesions are actually resolved with medical management alone. Surgery cures the patients of their problems, albeit, at the cost of scarring and other cosmetic problems in some patients. Therefore, refinements in the surgical process are still ongoing so as to provide the best results with minimal scarring. Aims and Objectives: To find out the feasibility of a minimal incision technique for glandular excision after liposuction in patients with gynecomastia so as to decrease the final visible scars in these patients. Materials and Methods: From July 2018 to September 2018, eight patients were subjected to gynecomastia surgery employing liposuction and gland removal through a single transverse 5–7 mm incision in the nipple. All the patients subjected to this technique had Grade IIa gynecomastia as per Simon’s scale. The Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale, comprising a 5-point Likert scale, was employed to find out the satisfaction level of the patients 12 months after surgery; this level was compared with that of a similar population of patients being operated on by employing liposuction and subcutaneous mastectomy by the periareolar technique. Results: The mean operating time was 110 min, and there was minimal bleeding during the procedure. Complications were also negligible, and all patients achieved an excellent chest contour with restoration of protective nipple sensation when evaluated 12 months after surgery. The difference in mean between the 2 patient groups was 0.125 with a p-value of 0.64. Conclusions: Glandular excision through a single transverse incision made through the nipple is a safe approach in selected patients and it produces excellent cosmetic outcomes. However, it requires patience on the part of the surgeon to achieve the desired goals of the surgery.


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