Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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   Table of Contents     
INNOVATIONS  
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 418-419
A low-cost magnification device for use in dermatosurgery


1 Department of Dermatology and STD, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India
3 Amanza Skin Clinic, Perinthlamanna, Kerala, India
4 Department of Dermatology and STD, North Delhi Municipal Corporation Medical College and Hindu Rao Hospital, New Delhi, India

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Date of Web Publication13-Feb-2022
 

How to cite this article:
Grover C, Chawla R, Ashique KT, Jakhar D. A low-cost magnification device for use in dermatosurgery. J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2021;14:418-9

How to cite this URL:
Grover C, Chawla R, Ashique KT, Jakhar D. A low-cost magnification device for use in dermatosurgery. J Cutan Aesthet Surg [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 May 22];14:418-9. Available from: https://www.jcasonline.com/text.asp?2021/14/4/418/337600





   Problem Faced Top


For a dermatosurgeon, the use of magnification during surgical procedures is not routinely required. However, for minute lesions like glomus tumor, mole excision, sclerotherapy, placing fine sutures, etc., this need is felt. Magnification enhances tissue visualization, helps appreciate precise anatomical details, makes suture placement precise, and helps better use of microsurgical instruments.[1] Various surgical magnification devices include binocular loupes (simple, compound, or prism loupes) or an operating microscope[2]; however, the antecedent cost and the need to train on these devices preclude their use for most dermatosurgeons. To circumvent this, we describe the use of a simple, low-cost device.


   Solution Proposed Top


The easily available reading glasses (powered from +2 to +3 dioptres) provide an alternative for surgical loupes in dermatosurgery. They are user-friendly and lightweight. They offer a large field of view (unlike operating microscopes), thus decreasing operating time, rather than increasing it. A magnification of +2, +2.5, or +3D is enough for routine dermatosurgery including nail surgery, mini punch grafting, and fine suturing on face [Figure 1]. At the normal surgical working distance, their use is not cumbersome and does not compromise depth of perception [Figure 2]. In contrast, surgical loupes are available from 2× to 6× magnification, although most commonly used are the ones which offer 2–4.5 times magnification. The working distance can be calculated as 100/x cm, where x is the power of the lens in dioptres (D). For example, if power of the lens is +2D then the working distance becomes 100/2 – 50 cm; for +3D lens, the optimum working distance reduces to 100/3, i.e. 33.3 cm, and so on. For powers more than +4D, the working distance goes down to 25 cm, which becomes too close and uncomfortable to perform procedures. Thus, the higher the power of the lens, the closer it can be used and surgeons can select an appropriate power depending on the required magnification and working distance. The reading glasses are light plastic and can be worn over the regular glasses of the operator (in case they have a refractive error) [Figure 2]. They are also convenient to wear under face shields, which have become new normal in current COVID (coronavirus disease) pandemic situation. This is not possible with the magnification loupes because they are bulky. No special training is required to work with reading glasses, and they are easily available online or in ophthalmic stores at a very affordable cost of INR 100–1000. Thus, we recommend their use in routine dermatosurgery work.
Figure 1: Ingrown toenail to be operated using the reading glasses

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Figure 2: Operator carrying out ingrown nail surgery wearing +2 reading glasses. Note the comfortable operating distance and wide field of view. The operator is wearing the lightweight glasses over his normal glasses worn for refractive error

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Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form, the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

None.

Conflicts of interest

There are no potential conflicts or competing interests of any of the authors.



 
   References Top

1.
Mungadi IA Refinement on surgical technique: Role of magnification. J Surg Tech Case Rep 2010;2:1-2.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Mallikarjun SA, Devi PR, Naik AR, Tiwari S Magnification in dental practice: How useful is it? J Health Res Rev 2015;2:39-44.  Back to cited text no. 2
    

Top
Correspondence Address:
Prof. Chander Grover
Department of Dermatology and STD, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, New Delhi 110095.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_209_20

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    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

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