Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 58-64

Clinical uses of NPWT with irrigation of normal saline in diabetic foot ulcer: Outcome assessed by DEPA score

Department of General Surgery, L.N. Medical College and J.K. Hospital, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sakshi Goyal
Department of General Surgery, L.N. Medical College and J.K. Hospital, JK Campus, PG1 Hostel, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_227_20

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Introduction: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a common complication of uncontrolled diabetes. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) with irrigation of normal saline is one of the methods for wound care and dressing techniques in DFU. Wound assessment is another aspect of DFU management for deciding whether the wound is prepared or not for coverage. The present study uses DEPA score as a wound assessment tool in DFU. Materials and Methods: This case series include 11 patients with DFU who were treated using NPWT with simultaneous irrigation of normal saline. Results: All 11 patients were male and age more than 60. Most patients have duration of diabetes for less than 10 years. Staphylococcus aureus (n = 5, 45.4%) was most common bacterial flora. Most patients in series presented with DEPA score more than 7 and after application of NPWT instillation therapy significant improvement seen with score in most of the patient with DEPA score below 6. Mean time for NPWT (irrigation) application was 15 days. Mean time of wound preparation was 18.7 days. Final surgical procedures executed in all patients, split skin grafting performed in 7 patients. 4 patients had wound coverage by reverse sural flap (2), medial plantar flap (1) and local flap coverage (1). Conclusion: NPWT with normal saline irrigation is an effective method of wound preparation in DFU. DEPA score is an important tool for assessment of wound preparation which gives exact information for timing of wound coverage once diabetic foot wound is prepared.

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