Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Print this page
Email this page
Small font size
Default font size
Increase font size
Home About us Current issue Archives Instructions Submission Subscribe Editorial Board Partners Contact e-Alerts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 175-178

A prospective study to compare the efficacy of cryotherapy versus intralesional steroid in alopecia areata


Muzaffarnagar Medical College, Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sahil Sardana
Sewak Sabha Hospital, Hisar, Haryana
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_166_20

Rights and Permissions

Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune disease that results in the loss of hair on the scalp and elsewhere on the body. The present study was conducted to compare the intralesional steroid and cryotherapy in the treatment of AA. Materials and Methods: The present clinical study was conducted in the Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology, Muzaffarnagar Medical College. The simple random sampling technique was used for randomly dividing the subjects into two groups: group I (local cryotherapy) and group II (intralesional corticosteroid). Results: A positive response was significantly more among the intralesional steroid group (86.0%) when compared with the cryotherapy group (62.0%). There was a significant difference in relapse between intralesional steroid group (22.0%) and cryotherapy group (16.0%). An excellent response was significantly more among the intralesional steroid group (44.0%) when compared with the cryotherapy group (18.0%). Poor response was significantly more among the cryotherapy group (18.0%), compared with the intralesional steroid group (0.0%). The mean pre-treatment, post-treatment, and the change from pre- to post-treatment Severity of Alopecia Tool [SALT] were compared between cryotherapy and intralesional steroid groups using the unpaired t-test. The mean pre-treatment, post-treatment, and the change from pre- to post-treatment SALT were significantly more among the intralesional steroid group when compared with the cryotherapy group. Conclusion: The authors found that superficial cryotherapy could be a meaningful adjuvant treatment option for AA patients. There was a significantly less relapse rate with cryotherapy. Among the currently available topical modalities for the treatment of AA, the best response was to the intralesional steroids followed by cryotherapy.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed130    
    Printed4    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded33    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal