Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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  Access statistics : Table of Contents
   2012| July-September  | Volume 5 | Issue 3  
    Online since September 26, 2012

 
 
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CASE REPORTS
Desire for penile girth enhancement and the effects of the self-injection of hyaluronic acid gel
Enis Rauf Coskuner, Halil Ibrahim Canter
July-September 2012, 5(3):198-200
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101382  PMID:23112518
Penile girth enhancement is a controversial subject but demands for enhancement are increasing steadily. Although various fillers have been widely used for soft tissue augmentation, there is no reliable material for this particular situation. Here we report a case of an acute hypersensitivity reaction in a man after his first self-injection of a filler material, which, he claimed, was hyaluronic acid gel for penile girth enhancement and glans penis augmentation.
  37,767 308 3
LETTERS
Proliferating trichilemmal tumor of scalp: Benign or malignant, A dilemma
Reena Sharma, Prashant Verma, Pravesh Yadav, Sonal Sharma
July-September 2012, 5(3):213-215
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101394  PMID:23112524
  15,107 258 4
Scald burn mimicking genitalia amputation
Ali A Mohammadi, Hamed Ghoddusi Johari
July-September 2012, 5(3):218-218
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101399  PMID:23112526
  14,832 125 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Cryotherapy in treatment of keloids: Evaluation of factors affecting treatment outcome
Meenu Barara, Vibhu Mendiratta, Ram Chander
July-September 2012, 5(3):185-189
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101376  PMID:23112514
Background: Keloids are cosmetically disfiguring benign fibrous outgrowths, which present as a major therapeutic dilemma due to their frequent recurrence. Despite a wide therapeutic armamentarium available for these scars, none has been found to be completely effective and satisfactory. Cryosurgery has offered some promise in the treatment of keloids.We conducted this study to evaluate the effect of cryotherapy in treatment of keloids and to relate the treatment outcome with the clinico-etiological factors. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based interventional study was conducted in 30 patients of keloids. Patients received two freeze thaw cycles of 15 seconds each at four weekly intervals for six sessions or flattening greater than 75%; whichever occurred earlier. Patients were assessed after three treatment sessions and at treatment completion regarding thickness and firmness of lesions. Patient satisfaction scale was used to evaluate the treatment outcome at completion of six treatment sessions. Paired Students t-test and Analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used for statistical analysis. Results: Average flattening noted after 3 and 6 sessions of cryotherapy was 30.76% and 58.13%, respectively. The duration of lesions and thickness of keloids correlated significantly with the result of treatment. The site and aetiology did not influence the outcome of cryosurgical treatment. Conclusion: Cryotherapy seems to be an effective treatment modality for keloids of recent onset, particularly smaller lesions. Duration and thickness of the keloids were found to be the most important factors in determining treatment outcome with cryotherapy in our study. Larger studies are, however, required to confirm the efficacy of this treatment modality and to validate our findings of the factors affecting treatment outcome.
  7,690 395 7
CASE REPORT
Evaluation and treatment of surgical management of silicone mastitis
Scott Liu, Alan A Lim
July-September 2012, 5(3):193-196
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101380  PMID:23112516
Injected liquid silicone continues to be employed by unscrupulous practitioners in many parts of the world for the purpose of breast augmentation. Complications vary; however, inflammation, foreign body reaction, and granuloma formation often lead to painful and disfigured breasts. Furthermore, migrations of silicone to remote tissues cause additional problems. We present a review of cases and propose an updated algorithm for the diagnosis and management silicone mastitis. We describe two representative cases of mastitis cause by injected liquid silicone. Patients uniformly developed inflammation and granuloma formation causing painful and disfigured breasts. Each patient required bilateral mastectomy and breast reconstruction. Although injection of liquid silicone has been condemned by the legitimate medical community for the purpose of breast augmentation, it continues to be illicitly performed and there exists a sizable patient population suffering from the complications of this procedure. Accurate identification requires a high index of suspicion in patients presenting with firm and painful breasts. An aggressive management strategy is recommended in the setting of silicone mastitis due to the risk of obscuring malignancy.
  7,680 175 2
BRIEF COMMUNICATION
Use of lasers for the management of refractory cases of hidradenitis suppurativa and pilonidal sinus
Vivek Jain, Archana Jain
July-September 2012, 5(3):190-192
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101377  PMID:23112515
Background: Hidradinitis suppurativa (HS) and pilonidal sinus (PNS) are chronic inflamatory skin diseases, often refractory to treatment and search for a new treatment is on. We tried deroofing with the help of carbon dioxide laser in patients of HS and PNS, however there was recurrence. Aim: To evaluate a technique combining the use of CO 2 laser and long pulse 1064 nm Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet (Nd:YAG) laser for the treatment of HS and PNS. Materials and Methods: In 4 patients with HS and 5 patients with PNS, we performed procedure in two steps: first destroying the hair follicles with long pulse Nd yag 1064 laserfollowed by deroofing with carbon di oxide laser. Follow up was done upto 3 years. Results: All patients with HS were females in the age group of 30-40 years. In PNS, 2 male patients were of age less than 20, two male patients of age more than 20 and one females of age less than 20. None of the HS or PNS patients showed recurrence. Conclusion: The deroofing with CO 2 laser along with hair follicle removal with long pulse Nd:YAG laser is an effective minimally invasive tissue saving surgical intervention for the treatment of refractory HS and PNS lesions.
  6,687 266 9
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Determination of melanin and haemoglobin in the skin of idiopathic cutaneous hyperchromia of the orbital region (ICHOR): A study of Indian patients
Michèle Verschoore, Somesh Gupta, Vinod K Sharma, Jean-Paul Ortonne
July-September 2012, 5(3):176-182
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101371  PMID:23112512
Background: Idiopathic cutaneous hyperchromia at the orbital region (ICHOR) is a cutaneous hyperchromia characterised by bilateral darkening of the eyelid and orbital skin that contrasts with the adjoining facial skin. ICHOR is frequent in dark skin. It interferes with the face appearance which often causes difficulties in societal acceptance and may impact quality of life. Objective : The aim of this investigation was to study the epidemiology, clinical features and risk factors associated with ICHOR in Indian patients and also to study the distribution of melanin and haemoglobin in ICHOR patients. This study also assessed the relevance of SIAscopy technique (spectrophotometric intracutaneous analysis (SIA)), a new objective non-invasive method to measure melanin and haemoglobin concentration in vivo. Materials and Methods: Thirty-three patients diagnosed with ICHOR at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Dehli, India, were included in the study. Epidemiological data were collected through a self-administrated questionnaire. Standard photographs were taken from each patient and SIAscopy measurements were done on dark circles and normal skin. Results: Surprisingly our study showed no significant correlation between ICHOR prevalence and family history, atopic and contact dermatitis, contemporaneous melasma and hormonal factors. The study confirms that sun exposure is a risk factor of dark circles aggravation. Indeed patients tend to reduce sun exposure after the onset of dark circles. SIAscopy analysis reveals significant differences in the concentration of total melanin, of dermal melanin and of haemoglobin between ICHOR skin and normal skin of the same patient. Conclusion: This study confirms that melanin deposits and blood stasis in dark circles may play a role in ICHOR pathogenesis and cause the darkening of skin under eyes. SIAscopy provides objective diagnostic information about ICHOR.
  5,737 389 5
CASE REPORTS
Giant tuberous xanthomas in a case of type IIA hypercholesterolemia
Rajashekara Babu, Aniketh Venkataram, Shivashankar Santhosh, Sadashivaiah Shivaswamy
July-September 2012, 5(3):204-206
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101384  PMID:23112520
Tuberous xanthomas are papulonodular skin lesions present in lipoprotein metabolism disorders. A patient presented with multiple large swellings (up to 20 cm in size) all over the body, which on excision were found to be tuberous xanthomas. Investigations revealed the diagnosis of familial hypercholesterolemia. This case is reported to document the unusual presentation of giant tuberous xanthomas.
  5,642 154 1
REVIEW ARTICLES
Treatment of the ageing hand with dermal fillers
Ulrich Kühne, Matthias Imhof
July-September 2012, 5(3):163-169
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101369  PMID:23112510
Following the trend in facial cosmetic procedures, patients are now increasingly requesting hand rejuvenation treatments. Intrinsic ageing of the hands is characterized by loss of dermal elasticity and atrophy of the subcutaneous tissue. Thus, veins, tendons and bony structures become apparent. Among the available procedures, intrinsic ageing of the hands is best improved by restoring the volume of soft tissue. Volume restoration can be achieved with a number of long-lasting dermal fillers with varying degrees of improvement and treatment longevity. The dermal fillers used in hand rejuvenation include autologous fat, collagen, hyaluronic acid, calcium hydroxylapatite and poly-L-lactic acid. Here, we describe our preferred injection method for hand rejuvenation using calcium hydroxylapatite and a single-bolus injection.
  5,345 374 11
SURGICAL PEARL
Phenolisation as a mode of treatment of mucosal cysts
S Sacchidanand, SN Sujaya, Venkatesh Purohit
July-September 2012, 5(3):210-211
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101389  PMID:23112522
Mucous cysts are one of the common cystic lesions of minor salivary glands seen mostly on mucous surface of lower lip and buccal mucosa. Many modalities of treatment for mucosal cysts exist including excision and suturing, deroofing, marsupialization, radiosurgery and cryotherapy. We have used 88% phenol as a mode of treatment of mucosal cysts.
  5,041 155 -
REVIEW ARTICLES
Safe practice of cosmetic dermatology: Avoiding legal tangles
Sarvajnamurthy A Sacchidanand, Shilpa Bhat
July-September 2012, 5(3):170-175
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101370  PMID:23112511
The present day dermatologists, in addition to conventional skin physicians, are also dermatologic-surgeons and cosmetologists in their practice. The cosmetic procedures have the inherent risk of malpractice litigations leaving an unsatisfied patient and a troublesome lawsuit against the doctor. A MEDLINE search was conducted for article with words such as legal issues and dermatology, malpractice in dermatology, safe practice of cosmetology etc. The selected articles are scrutinized and compiled so as to help the young dermatologists to have a comprehensive overview of safe cosmetology practice. This article aims at sensitizing the young dermatologists for the possible complications and provides an overview of safe practice. It also provides a list of simple routine precautions which helps the dermatologist to avoid unnecessary trips to the courthouse.
  4,606 322 2
CASE REPORTS
Giant occipitocervical lipomas: Evaluation with two cases
Mehmet Basmaci, Askin E Hasturk
July-September 2012, 5(3):207-209
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101387  PMID:23112521
Lipomas are capsulated benign tumours that are commonly found in all body parts. A lipoma is a well-defined mesenchymal tumour that arises from the adipose tissue. Although giant lipomas are rare in the head and neck regions, when they are located here, they are most commonly found in the subcutaneous posterior neck area. Recurrence as well as invasion is very rare after total surgical excision. In this article, we present two rare cases of giant lipomas in the posterior occipitocervical region, which is an exceptional location.
  4,492 147 2
EDITORIAL COMMENTARY
Idiopathic cutaneous hyperchromia at the orbital region or periorbital hyperpigmentation
Rashmi Sarkar
July-September 2012, 5(3):183-184
PMID:23112513
  4,209 388 -
CASE REPORTS
Sclerotherapy for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas
Chander Grover, Ananta Khurana, Sambit N Bhattacharya
July-September 2012, 5(3):201-203
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101383  PMID:23112519
Sclerotherapy is a simple, technically easy and effective mode of treatment for infantile hemangiomas (IH). It acts by blocking the growth of actively proliferating lesions, by targeting their vascularity accelerating their regression. Polidocanol is a commonly used sclerosant. We report two interesting cases of IH treated solely with polidocanol sclerotherapy and discuss the unique place this modality has in the armamentarium against IH. Sclerotherapy was found to be especially useful for large, exuberant and pedunculated lesions, producing rapid regression and preventing the disfiguring sequelae which are likely if large or pedunculated lesions are left to involute on their own.
  4,298 217 3
LETTERS
Effective and inexpensive dressing for mammaplasties
Nazan Sivrioglu, Saime Irkoren
July-September 2012, 5(3):221-222
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101402  PMID:23112528
  3,998 101 -
Chondroid syringoma: A diagnosis by fine needle aspiration cytology
Jitendra G Nasit, Gauravi Dhruva
July-September 2012, 5(3):222-225
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101404  PMID:23112529
  3,903 119 3
Rare case of giant plunging ranula without intraoral component presenting as a subcutaneous swelling in the neck: A diagnostic dilemma
Harveen K Gulati, Sanjay D Deshmukh, Mani Anand, Prashant Yadav, Dilip P Pande
July-September 2012, 5(3):219-221
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101401  PMID:23112527
  3,491 169 -
GUEST EDITORIAL
Skin tumours
Sujay Khandpur, M Ramam
July-September 2012, 5(3):159-162
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101368  PMID:23112509
  3,191 335 3
LETTERS
Surgical correction of pseudoxanthoma elasticum
Manjot Marwah, Kiran Godse, Sharmila Patil, Nitin Nadkarni, Manjyot Gautam
July-September 2012, 5(3):212-213
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101390  PMID:23112523
  3,294 124 1
Atypical leiomyoma of scrotum
Shalinee Rao, Phirthangmoi Fimate, Ramya Ramakrishnan, S Rajendiran
July-September 2012, 5(3):216-217
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.101397  PMID:23112525
  2,818 106 1
COMMENTARY
Silicone injections
Uwe Wollina
July-September 2012, 5(3):197-197
PMID:23112517
  2,300 122 -
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